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Emergency Shipbuilders


In both world wars, the U.S. Government stimulated the creation of a large number of emergency shipyards.  Some were devoted to naval shipbuilding, others to merchant shipbuilding.  Some were primarily repair yards which also built a few ships.  Many of the commercially oriented shipbuilders also built some of the simpler types of naval ships.  The civilian agencies involved were the U.S. Shipping Board, in World War I, and the U.S. Maritime Commission, in World War II.  Almost all these emergency yards closed at the end of the war, or soon thereafter, although a few took on a new life and reappeared later under a different name.  The tables in this section cover those yards that built naval or merchant ships, including LSTs: these types of ship were also, of course, built by the  shipbuilders covered in the lists of Large Shipbuilders and Naval Shipyards.  The yards that built small ships, boats and barges are covered in the lists of Emergency Boatbuilders, Emergency Builders of Wood and Concrete Vessels, Small Shipbuilders and Boatbuilders and Small Yachtbuilders.  The tables presented here are generally complete, at least as far as the emergency contracts are concerned, because the construction programs are well documented, as are the fates of the ships that were built.

Shipbuilder

Location

State Most Recent Update

WORLD WAR II (29)

Builders of Liberty and Victory Ships (15)

Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards, Inc.

Baltimore MD Aug-08

California Shipbuilding Corp.

Los Angeles LA Oct-10

Delta Shipbuilding Company

New Orleans LA Sep-08

J. A. Jones Construction Company

Brunswick GA Oct-10

J. A. Jones Construction Company

Panama City FL Oct-10

Kaiser Vancouver

Vancouver WA Nov-10

New England Shipbuilding Company

South Portland ME Oct-10

North Carolina Shipbuilding Company

Wilmington NC Oct-10

Oregon Shipbuilding Co.

Portland OR Oct-10

Permanente Metals Corporation, No. 1 Yard

Richmond CA Oct-10

Permanente Metals Corporation, No. 2 Yard

Richmond CA Oct-10

Southeastern Shipbuilding Corporation

Savannah GA Oct-10

St. John's River Shipbuilding Company

Jacksonville FL Oct-10

Todd Houston Shipbuilding Corporation

Houston TX Oct-10

Walsh-Kaiser Company, Inc.

Providence RI Oct-10

Builders of T-2 Tankers (2)

Kaiser Swan Island

Portland OR Oct-10

Marinship Corporation

Sausalito CA Oct-10

Builders of Other Cargo Ships and Tankers (7)

Butler Shipbuilders, Walter

Superior WI Jul-09

Cargill Inc.

Savage MN Jan-10

Consolidated Steel Corp.

Wilmington CA Jan-12

Froemming Bros.

Milwaukee WI Aug-08

Globe Shipbuilding

Superior WI Jun-10

Kaiser Richmond No. 4 Yard

Richmond CA Nov-10

Permanente Metals Corporation, No. 3 Yard

Richmond CA Nov-10

Builders of DEs, LSTs and Other Naval Vessels (5)

Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyards, Inc.

Hingham MA Aug-11

Brown Shipbuilding Company

Houston TX Dec-15

Chicago Bridge & Iron Company

Seneca IL Dec-14

Consolidated Steel Corporation

Orange TX Jan-12

Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Company

Evansville IN Oct-10

WORLD WAR I (45)

Atlantic Coast (18)

American International Shipbuilding Corp.

Hog Island PA Mar-16

Atlantic Corp.

Portsmouth NH Mar-16

Carolina Shipbuilding (Geo. A. Fuller Co.)

Wilmington NC Mar-16

Downey Shipbuilding

Arlington NY Mar-16

Foundation Company

Brunswick and Savannah GA Mar-16
Kearny and Newark NJ

Merchant Shipbuilding Corp.

Bristol PA Mar-16

Newburgh Shipyards

Newburgh NY Mar-16

Providence Engineering

Providence RI Mar-16

Pusey & Jones

Gloucester City NJ Mar-16

Shattuck Shipyard

Portsmouth NH Mar-16

Standard Shipbuilding

Shooters Island NY Mar-16

Submarine Boat Company

Newark NJ Mar-16

Terry Shipbuilding

Savannah GA Mar-16

Texas Steamship

Bath ME May-16

Union Shipbuilding

Baltimore MD Apr-16

Virginia Shipbuilding

Alexandria VA Mar-16

Gulf Coast (9)

Oscar Daniels Company

Tampa FL Mar-16

Doullut & Williams

New Orleans LA Mar-16

Foundation Company

New Orleans LA Mar-16

Mobile Shipbuilding

Mobile AL Mar-16

International Shipbuilding

Orange and Beaumont TX Mar-16
Pascagoula MS

National Shipbuilding Co.

Orange TX Mar-16

National Shipbuilding Corp.

Violet LA Mar-16

Pensacola Shipbuilding

Pensacola FL Mar-16

Inland and Great Lakes (2)

Globe Shipbuilding

Superior WI Mar-16

Saginaw Shipbuilding

Saginaw MI Mar-16

Pacific Coast (17)

Ames Shipbuilding

Seattle WA Mar-16

Columbia River Shipbuilding

Portland OR Mar-16

Duthie Shipbuilding, J. F.

Seattle WA Mar-16

Foundation Company

Portland OR Mar-16
Tacoma WA

Grant-Smith-Porter (formerly Petersen SB)

Portland OR Mar-16
Aberdeen WA

Grays Harbor Motor Ship Corp. (formerly Lindstrom SB)

Aberdeen WA Mar-16

Hanlon Dry Dock & SB

Oakland CA Mar-16

Northwest Steel Company

Portland OR Mar-16

Pacific Coast Shipbuilding

Bay Point CA Mar-16

Seattle North Pacific SB

Seattle WA Mar-16

Skinner & Eddy

Seattle WA Mar-16

Standifer Construction

Portland OR Mar-16
Vancouver WA

Supple Bollin Shipbuilding

Portland OR Mar-16

Union Construction Co

Oakland CA Mar-16