P-Type Passenger Ships

Most recent update: April 12, 2008.


The passenger liner "America" was the U.S. Maritime Commission's first ship and the liner "United States" is generally considered to have been its last.  Both were built by Newport News, our greatest shipbuilder.  In between, three shipyards built 23 troopships and after the war ended, Quincy and New York Ship built five additional passenger liners.  In addition, countless cargo ships were converted to troopships.

USMC # Shipbuilder Location Hull # Original Name USMC Design GT Delivered Disposition
1 Newport News SB Newport News VA 369 America P4-S2 26,454 Jul-40 First USMC ship, to USN 1941 as West Point (AP 23), to US Lines 1946 as America, later Australis 1964, Italis 1978, Noga 1980, Alferdoss 1984, American Star 1993, wrecked in the Canary Islands 1994, while under tow to the breakers, and abandoned: the forward half of this great ship is still sitting on the rocks.
181 Consolidated Steel Wilmington CA 206 Doyen P1-S2-L2 6,710 May-43 To USN 1943 as APA 1, to Mass. Maritime 1959 as Bay State, to NDRF 1973
182 Consolidated Steel Wilmington CA 207 Feland P1-S2-L2 6,710 Jun-43 To USN 1943 as APA 11, scrapped 1964
668 Federal SB Kearny NJ 268 GEN John Pope P2-S2-R2 17,951 Aug-45 To USN 1945 as AP 110, NDRF 1969, scrapped 2005
669 Federal SB Kearny NJ 269 GEN A.E. Anderson P2-S2-R2 17,951 Oct-45 To USN 1945 as AP 111, NDRF 1958, scrapped 1987
670 Federal SB Kearny NJ 270 GEN W.A. Mann P2-S2-R2 17,951 Oct-45 To USN 1945 as AP 112, NDRF 1966, scrapped 1987
671 Federal SB Kearny NJ 271 GEN H.W. Butner P2-S2-R2 17,951 Jan-45 To USN 1945 as AP 113, NDRF 1960, scrapped 1977
672 Federal SB Kearny NJ 272 GEN W. Mitchell P2-S2-R2 17,951 Jan-45 To USN 1945 as AP 114, NDRF 1966, scrapped 1988
673 Federal SB Kearny NJ 273 GEN G.M. Randall P2-S2-R2 17,951 Apr-45 To USN 1945 as AP 115, NDRF 1975, scrapped 1975
674 Federal SB Kearny NJ 274 GEN M.C. Meigs P2-S2-R2 17,951 Jun-45 To USN 1945 as AP 116, NDRF 1958, wrecked and abandoned 1972
675 Federal SB Kearny NJ 275 GEN W.H. Gordon P2-S2-R2 17,951 Jun-45 To USN 1945 as AP 117, NDRF 1968, scrapped 1987
676 Federal SB Kearny NJ 276 GEN W.P. Richardson P2-S2-R2 17,951 Nov-45 To USN 1945 as AP 118, sold 1949 as LaGuardia, later Leilani 1956, President Roosevelt 1961, Atlantis 1970, Emerald Seas 1972, Funtastica 1992, Terrifica 1992, Sapphire Seas 1992, Ocean Explorer I 1998 and Explorer 2004, scrapped 2005
677 Federal SB Kearny NJ 277 GEN C.H. Barth P2-S2-R2 17,951 Jan-45 To USN 1945 as AP 119, NDRF 1968, scrapped 1987
678 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9501 ADM W.S. Benson P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Aug-44 AP 120, to USA 1946 as GEN Daniel I. Sultan, NDRF 1968, scrapped 1987
679 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9502 ADM W.L. Capps P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Sep-44 AP 121, to USA 1946 as GEN Hugh L. Gaffey, NDRF 1968, sunk as target 2000
680 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9503 ADM R.E. Coontz P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Nov-44 AP 122, to USA 1946 as GEN Alexander M. Patch, NDRF 1970, scrapped 2001
681 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9504 ADM E.W. Eberle P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Apr-45 AP 123, to USA 1946 as GEN Simon B. Buckner, NDRF 1970, scrapped 1999
682 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9505 ADM C.F. Hughes P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Jan-45 AP 124, to USA 1946 as GEN Edwin D. Patrick, NDRF 1968, scrapped 2005
683 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9506 ADM H.T. Mayo P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Apr-45 AP 125, to USA 1946 as GEN Nelson M. Walker, NDRF 1970, scrapped 2005
684 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9507 ADM Hugh Rodman P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Jul-45 AP 126, to USA 1946 as GEN Maurice Rose, NDRF 1970, scrapped 1992
685 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9508 ADM W.S. Sims P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Sep-45 AP 127, to USA 1946 as GEN William O. Darby, NDRF 1970, scrapped 2005
686 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9509 ADM D.W. Taylor P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Dec-47 AP 128, cancelled, sold to APL as President Cleveland, scrapped 1974
687 Bethlehem Steel Alameda CA 9510 ADM F.B. Upham P2-SE2-R1 17,001 Apr-48 AP 129, cancelled, sold to APL as President Wilson, scrapped 1974
2080 Federal SB Kearny NJ 505 GEN J.C. Breckinridge P2-S2-R2 17,951 Jun-45 To USN as AP 176, scrapped 1987
2081-83 Federal SB Kearny NJ 506-508   P2-S2-R2 17,951   Cancelled
2912 Bethlehem Steel Quincy MA 1618 Independence P3-S2-DL2 20,200 Dec-50 Sold 1974 as Oceanic Independence, later Independence 1982, sold to NCL America 2003 for reactivation, renamed Oceanic 2005, sold for scrap and en route to breakers 4/2008
2913 Bethlehem Steel Quincy MA 1619 Constitution P3-S2-DL2 20,200 May-51 Sold 1974 as Oceanic Constitution, later Constitution 1982, sold for scrap 1997 but sank en route to the scrapyard
2914 New York SB Camden NJ 485 President Jackson P2-S1-DN3 15,456 May-52 To USN as Barrett (AP 196), to NYS Maritime 1973 as Empire State V, scrapped 2007
2915 New York SB Camden NJ 486 President Adams P2-S1-DN3 15,456 Sep-52 To USN as Geiger (AP 197), to Mass Maritime 1971 as Bay State IV, scrapped 1983
2916 New York SB Camden NJ 487 President Hayes P2-S1-DN3 15,456 Dec-52 To USN as Upshur (AP 198), To Maine Maritime 1973 as State of Maine, NDRF 1990
2917 Newport News SB Newport News VA 488 United States P6-S4-DS1 39,000 Jun-52 Last USMC ship, laid up by US Lines in 1969, sold several times, now laid up in Philadelphia