Emergency Shipbuilders


In both world wars, the U.S. Government stimulated the creation of a large number of emergency shipyards.  Some were devoted to naval shipbuilding, others to merchant shipbuilding, while some were primarily repair yards which also built a few ships.  Many of the existing commercial shipbuilders also built some of the simpler types of naval ships.  The civilian agencies involved were the U.S. Shipping Board, in World War I, and the U.S. Maritime Commission, in World War II.  Almost all these emergency yards closed at the end of the war, or soon thereafter, although a few took on a new life and reappeared later under a different name.  The tables in this section cover those emergency yards that built naval or merchant ships, including DEs and LSTs: these types of ship were also, of course, also built by the  shipbuilders covered in the lists of Large Shipbuilders and Naval Shipyards.  The yards that built small ships, boats and barges are covered in the lists of Emergency Boatbuilders, Small Shipbuilders and Boatbuilders and Small Yachtbuilders.  The tables presented here are about as complete as is possible, at least as far as the emergency contracts are concerned, because the construction programs are well documented, as are the fates of the ships that were built.

WORLD WAR II

Shipbuilder

Location

State Coast EC2 VC2 C1 C2 C4 N V T1 T2 DE LST CVE PF APA AKA Most Recent Update

Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards

Baltimore MD A x x                 x         Aug-08

Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyards

Hingham MA A                   x x         Aug-11

J. A. Jones Construction

Brunswick GA A x   x                         Oct-10

New England Shipbuilding

S. Portland ME A x                             Oct-10

North Carolina Shipbuilding

Wilmington NC A x     x                     x Oct-10

Southeastern Shipbuilding

Savannah GA A x   x                         Oct-10

St. John's River Shipbuilding

Jacksonville FL A x             x               Oct-10

Walsh-Kaiser Company

Providence RI A x                       x   x Oct-10

Brown Shipbuilding

Houston TX G                   x           Dec-15

Consolidated Steel Corp.

Orange TX G                   x           Jan-12

Delta Shipbuilding

New Orleans LA G x                             Sep-08

J. A. Jones Construction

Panama City FL G x             x               Oct-10

Todd Houston Shipbuilding

Houston TX G x             x               Oct-10

Butler Shipbuilders, Walter

Superior WI I     x     x             x     Jul-09

Cargill Inc.

Savage MN I               x               Jan-10

Chicago Bridge & Iron

Seneca IL I                     x         Dec-14

Froemming Bros.

Milwaukee WI I     x       x           x     Aug-08

Globe Shipbuilding

Superior WI I     x       x           x     Jun-10

Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron

Evansville IN I                     x         Oct-10

California Shipbuilding

Los Angeles CA P x x                           Oct-10

Consolidated Steel Corp.

Wilmington CA P     x x                 x x   Jan-12

Kaiser Swan Island

Portland OR P                 x             Oct-10

Kaiser Vancouver

Vancouver WA P x       x           x x       Nov-10

Marinship Corporation

Sausalito CA P x               x             Oct-10

Oregon Shipbuilding

Portland OR P x x                           Oct-10

Permanente Metals, No. 1 Yard

Richmond CA P x x                           Oct-10

Permanente Metals, No. 2 Yard

Richmond CA P x x                           Oct-10

Permanente Metals, No. 3 Yard

Richmond CA P x Nov-10

Kaiser Richmond No. 4 Yard

Richmond CA P     x               x   x     Nov-10

Wooden Ships and Barges

                                    Jan-12

Concrete Ships and Barges

                                    Jan-12

 

WORLD WAR I

Shipbuilder

Location

State Coast Cargo Ships Tank Ref. Barges Tugs Wood Ships Most Recent Update

American International Shipbuilding

Hog Island PA A x           Mar-16

Atlantic Corp.

Portsmouth NH A x           Mar-16

Carolina Shipbuilding

Wilmington NC A x           Mar-16

Downey Shipbuilding

Arlington NY A x           Mar-16

Foundation Company

Kearny/Newark NJ A x           Mar-16

Merchant Shipbuilding Corp.

Bristol PA A x           Mar-16

Newburgh Shipyards

Newburgh NY A x           Mar-16

Providence Engineering

Providence RI A         x   Mar-16

Pusey & Jones

Gloucester City NJ A x x         Mar-16

Shattuck Shipyard

Portsmouth NH A           x Mar-16

Standard Shipbuilding

Shooters Island NY A x   x       Mar-16

Submarine Boat Company

Newark NJ A x     x     Mar-16

Terry Shipbuilding

Savannah GA A x x         Mar-16

Texas Steamship

Bath ME A x           May-16

Virginia Shipbuilding

Alexandria VA A x           Mar-16

Oscar Daniels Company

Tampa FL G x           Mar-16

Doullut & Williams

New Orleans LA G x           Mar-16

Foundation Company

New Orleans LA G x           Mar-16

Mobile Shipbuilding

Mobile AL G x           Mar-16

National Shipbuilding Co.

Orange TX G x           Mar-16

Pensacola Shipbuilding

Pensacola FL G x           Mar-16

Globe Shipbuilding

Superior WI I x           Mar-16

Saginaw Shipbuilding

Saginaw MI I x           Mar-16

Ames Shipbuilding

Seattle WA P x           Mar-16

Columbia River Shipbuilding

Portland OR P x           Mar-16

Duthie Shipbuilding, J. F.

Seattle WA P x           Mar-16

Foundation Company

Portland OR P x           Mar-16
Foundation Company Tacoma WA P x Mar-16

Grant-Smith-Porter

Portland OR P           x Mar-16
Grant-Smith-Porter Aberdeen WA P x Mar-16

Grays Harbor Motor Ship

Aberdeen WA P           x Mar-16

Hanlon Dry Dock & SB

Oakland CA P x           Mar-16

Northwest Steel Company

Portland OR P x x         Mar-16

Pacific Coast Shipbuilding

Bay Point CA P x           Mar-16

Seattle North Pacific SB

Seattle WA P x           Mar-16

Skinner & Eddy

Seattle WA P x           Mar-16

Standifer Construction

Portland OR P           x Mar-16
Standifer Construction Vancouver WA P x         x Mar-16

Supple Bollin Shipbuilding

Portland OR P x           Mar-16

Union Construction Co

Oakland CA P x           Mar-16

Wooden Ships and Barges

                  Jan-12