U.S. Emergency Shipbuilders
In both world wars, the U.S. Government stimulated the creation of a large number of emergency shipyards. Some were devoted to naval shipbuilding, others to merchant shipbuilding, while some were primarily repair yards which also built a few ships. Many of the existing commercial shipbuilders also built some of the simpler types of naval ships. The civilian agencies involved were the U.S. Shipping Board, in World War I, and the U.S. Maritime Commission, in World War II. Almost all these emergency yards closed at the end of the war, or soon thereafter, although a few took on a new life and reappeared later under a different name. The tables in this section cover those emergency yards that built naval or merchant ships, including DEs and LSTs: these types of ship were also, of course, also built by the shipbuilders covered in the lists of Large Shipbuilders and Naval Shipyards. The yards that built small ships, boats and barges are covered in the lists of Emergency Boatbuilders, Small Shipbuilders and Boatbuilders and Small Yachtbuilders. The tables presented here are about as complete as is possible, at least as far as the emergency contracts are concerned, because the construction programs are well documented, as are the fates of the ships that were built.
EMERGENCY SHIPBUILDERS IN WORLD WAR II (29)
State EC2 VC2 C1 C2 C4 N V T1 T2 DE LST CVE PF APA AKA Atlantic Coast (8) Baltimore MD x x x Hingham MA x x Brunswick GA x x S. Portland ME x Wilmington NC x x x Savannah GA x x Jacksonville FL x x Providence RI x x x Gulf Coast (5) Houston TX x Orange TX x New Orleans LA x Panama City FL x x Houston TX x x Great Lakes and Inland Waterways (6) Superior WI x x x Savage MN x Seneca IL x Milwaukee WI x x x Superior WI x x x Evansville IN x Pacific Coast (10) Los Angeles CA x x Wilmington CA x x x x Portland OR x Vancouver WA x x x x Sausalito CA x x Portland OR x x Richmond CA x x Richmond CA x x Richmond CA x Richmond CA x x x Other (2)
EMERGENCY SHIPBUILDERS IN WORLD WAR I (43)
State Atlantic Coast (15) Hog Island PA Portsmouth NH Wilmington NC Arlington NY Kearny/Newark NJ Bristol PA Newburgh NY Providence RI Gloucester City NJ Shooters Island NY Newark NJ Savannah GA Bath ME Baltimore MD Alexandria VA Gulf Coast (7) Tampa FL New Orleans LA New Orleans LA Mobile AL Orange TX Violet LA Pensacola FL Great Lakes and Inland Waterways (2) Superior WI Saginaw MI Pacific Coast (12) Seattle WA Portland OR Seattle WA Portland OR Foundation Company Tacoma WA Oakland CA Portland OR Bay Point CA Seattle WA Seattle WA Portland OR Oakland CA Wooden Shipbuilders (7) Portland OR Grant-Smith-Porter Aberdeen WA Aberdeen WA Orange TX Portsmouth NH Portland OR Standifer Construction Vancouver WA Other Wooden Shipbuilders