U.S. Emergency Shipbuilders
In both world wars, the U.S. Government stimulated the creation of a large number of emergency shipyards. Some were devoted to naval shipbuilding, others to merchant shipbuilding, while some were primarily repair yards which also built a few ships. Many of the existing commercial shipbuilders also built some of the simpler types of naval ships. The civilian agencies involved were the U.S. Shipping Board, in World War I, and the U.S. Maritime Commission, in World War II. Almost all these emergency yards closed at the end of the war, or soon thereafter, although a few took on a new life and reappeared later under a different name. The tables in this section cover those emergency yards that built naval or merchant ships, including DEs and LSTs: these types of ship were also, of course, also built by the shipbuilders covered in the lists of Large Shipbuilders and Naval Shipyards. The yards that built small ships, boats and barges are covered in the lists of Emergency Boatbuilders, Small Shipbuilders and Boatbuilders and Small Yachtbuilders. The tables presented here are about as complete as is possible, at least as far as the emergency contracts are concerned, because the construction programs are well documented, as are the fates of the ships that were built.
WORLD WAR II
State Coast EC2 VC2 C1 C2 C4 N V T1 T2 DE LST CVE PF APA AKA Most Recent Update Baltimore MD A x x x Aug-08 Hingham MA A x x Aug-11 Brunswick GA A x x Oct-10 S. Portland ME A x Oct-10 Wilmington NC A x x x Oct-10 Savannah GA A x x Oct-10 Jacksonville FL A x x Oct-10 Providence RI A x x x Oct-10 Houston TX G x Dec-15 Orange TX G x Jan-12 New Orleans LA G x Sep-08 Panama City FL G x x Oct-10 Houston TX G x x Oct-10 Superior WI I x x x Jul-09 Savage MN I x Jan-10 Seneca IL I x Dec-14 Milwaukee WI I x x x Aug-08 Superior WI I x x x Jun-10 Evansville IN I x Oct-10 Los Angeles CA P x x Oct-10 Wilmington CA P x x x x Jan-12 Portland OR P x Oct-10 Vancouver WA P x x x x Nov-10 Sausalito CA P x x Oct-10 Portland OR P x x Oct-10 Richmond CA P x x Oct-10 Richmond CA P x x Oct-10 Richmond CA P x Nov-10 Richmond CA P x x x Nov-10 Jan-12 Jan-12
WORLD WAR I
State Most Recent Update STEEL SHIPBUILDERS Hog Island PA Mar-16 Seattle WA Mar-16 Portsmouth NH Mar-16 Wilmington NC Mar-16 Portland OR Mar-16 Tampa FL Mar-16 New Orleans LA Mar-16 Arlington NY Mar-16 Seattle WA Mar-16 Kearny/Newark NJ Mar-16 New Orleans LA Mar-16 Portland OR Mar-16 Foundation Company Tacoma WA Mar-16 Superior WI Mar-16 Oakland CA Mar-16 Bristol PA Mar-16 Mobile AL Mar-16 Orange TX Mar-16 Violet LA Mar-16 Newburgh NY Mar-16 Portland OR Mar-16 Bay Point CA Mar-16 Pensacola FL Mar-16 Providence RI Mar-16 Gloucester City NJ Mar-16 Saginaw MI Mar-16 Seattle WA Mar-16 Seattle WA Mar-16 Shooters Island NY Mar-16 Newark NJ Mar-16 Portland OR Mar-16 Savannah GA Mar-16 Bath ME May-16 Oakland CA Mar-16 Baltimore MD Mar-16 Alexandria VA Mar-16 WOODEN SHIPBUILDERS Portland OR Mar-16 Grant-Smith-Porter Aberdeen WA Mar-16 Aberdeen WA Mar-16 Orange TX Mar-16 Portsmouth NH Mar-16 Portland OR Mar-16 Standifer Construction Vancouver WA Mar-16 Other Wooden Shipbuilders